The Sacrifice

hā dāl yā

l-hadyi, l-hadyu, l-hadya (masculine noun) = the sacrifice, the offering

Surah  Al-Māidah 97 :

jaʿala    l-lahu    l-kaʿbata   l-bayta    l-ḥarāma    qiyāman    lilnnāsi    wal-shahra    l-ḥarāma    wal-hadya     wal-qalāida
Allah has made the Ka‘bah, the Sacred House, standing for the people and [has sanctified] the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the garlands [by which they are identified].

dhālika   litaʿlamū   anna   l-laha   yaʿlamu   mā   fī   l-samāwāti   wamā    fī    l-arḍi   wa-anna    l-laha    bikulli   shayin   ʿalīmun
That is so you may know that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth and that Allah is Knowing of all things


nūn ḥā rā

in’ḥar (verb, masculine singular) = to sacrifice

Surah Al-Kawthar 2 :

faṣalli     lirabbika     wa-in’ḥar
So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone]


qāf rā bā

qur’bānan, qur’bānin (noun, masculine) = a sacrifice

Surah Al-Māidah 27 :

wa-ut’lu    ʿalayhim    naba-a    ib’nay    ādama    bil-ḥaqi    idh    qarrabā    qur’bānan    fatuqubbila    min   aḥadihimā   walam    yutaqabbal    mina    l-ākhari
And recite to them the story of Adam’s two sons, in truth, when they both offered a sacrifice [to Allah], and it was accepted from one of them but was not accepted from the other

qāla    la-aqtulannaka    qāla    innamā   yataqabbalu   l-lahu   mina    l-mutaqīna
Said [the latter], “I will surely kill you.”  Said [the former], “Indeed, Allah only accepts from those who fear Him


Narrated Jundab: On the day of Nahr the Prophet (ﷺ) offered the prayer and delivered the Khutba and then slaughtered the sacrifice and said, “Anybody who slaughtered (his animal sacrifice) before the prayer should slaughter another animal in lieu of it, and the one who has not yet slaughtered should slaughter (the animal sacrifice) mentioning Allah’s name on it.”
Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 985
English reference : Vol. 2, Book 15, Hadith 101

Aishah narrated that: The Messenger of Allah said: “Al-Fitr is the day that the people break the fast, and Al-Adha is the day that the people sacrifice.”
Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 802
English reference : Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 802

Ali narrated: “I asked the Messenger of Allah about the day of Al-Hajj Al-Akbar and he said: ‘The Day of An-Nahr.'”
Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 957
English reference : Vol. 2, Book 4, Hadith 957


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