The worldly life

dāl nūn wāw
adnā (noun, masculine singular) = less/inferior, more suitable, nearer/nearest
l-adnā = the lower, the nearer
l-dun’yā (feminine, singular) = the world (noun), worldy (adjective)


Surah Ar-Rum 7 :
yaʿlamūna ẓāhiran mina l-ḥayati l-dun’yā wahum ʿani l-ākhirati hum ghāfilūna
They (most of the people) know what is apparent of the worldly life, but they, of the Hereafter, are unaware

Surah Al-Baqarah 212 :
zuyyina lilladhīna kafarū l-ḥayatu l-dun’yā wayaskharūna mina alladhīna āmanū wa-alladhīna ittaqaw fawqahum yawma l-qiyāmati wal-lahu yarzuqu man yashāu bighayri ḥisābin
Beautified for those who disbelieve is the life of this world, and they ridicule those who believe. But those who fear Allah are above them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allah gives provision to whom He wills without account

Surah Al-Kahf 104 :
alladhīna ḍalla saʿyuhum fī l-ḥayati l-dun’yā wahum yaḥsabūna annahum yuḥ’sinūna ṣun’ʿan
(Disbelievers) are those whose effort is lost in worldly life, while they think that they are doing well in work

Surah Taha 72 :
qālū lan nu’thiraka ʿalā mā jāanā mina l-bayināti wa-alladhī faṭaranā fa-iq’ḍi mā anta qāḍin innamā taqḍī hādhihi l-ḥayata l-dun’yā
They (Believers) said, “Never will we prefer you (Fir’aun) over what has come to us of clear proofs and over He who created us. So decree whatever you are to decree. You can only decree for this worldly life.


Narrating this story Anas reported the Prophet (ﷺ) as saying: It is Allah’s right that nothing should become exalted in the world but He lowers it.
Reference : Sunan Abi Dawud 4803
In-book reference : Book 43, Hadith 31
English translation : Book 42, Hadith 4785

Qatadah bin An-Nu’man narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: “When Allah loves a slave, He prevents him from the world, just as one of you prevents his sick from water.”
English reference : Vol. 4, Book 2, Hadith 2036
Arabic reference : Book 28, Hadith 2168

Mustawrid, a brother of Banu Fihr, said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: ‘The likeness of this world in comparison to the Hereafter is that of anyone of you dipping his finger into the sea: let him see what he brings forth.’”
English reference : Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4108
Arabic reference : Book 37, Hadith 4247

Abdullah narrated : “The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) was sleeping upon a mat, then he stood, and the mat had left marks on his side. We said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! We said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! We could get a bed for you.’ He said: ‘What do I have to do with the world! I am not in the world but as a rider seeking shade under a tree, then he catches his breath and leaves it.'”
Reference : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2377
In-book reference : Book 36, Hadith 74
English translation : Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2377


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