The Witness (2)

hamza mīm mīm

ummatan, ummatan, ummatan (feminine singular noun) = a community, a nation


Surah Al-Qasas 75

wanazaʿnā  min  kulli  ummatin  shahīdan  faqul’nā  hātū  bur’hānakum
And We will extract from every nation a witness and say, “Produce your proof”

faʿalimū    anna    l-ḥaqa   lillahi    waḍalla    ʿanhum   mā   kānū   yaftarūna
and they will know that the Truth belongs to Allah , and lost from them is that which they used to invent

Surah An-Nahl 84 , 89

wayawma   nabʿathu  min  kulli   ummatin   shahīdan  thumma     lā yu’dhanu     lilladhīna     kafarū     walā     hum     yus’taʿtabūna
And [mention] the Day when We will resurrect from every nation a witness. Then it will not be permitted to the disbelievers [to apologize or make excuses], nor will they be asked (to make amends, to appease Allah)

wayawma  nabʿathu  fī  kulli  ummatin  shahīdan  ʿalayhim  min  anfusihim  waji’nā  bika  shahīdan  ʿalā  hāulāi  wanazzalnā  ʿalayka  l-kitāba  tib’yānan  likulli  shayin  wahudan  waraḥmatan  wabush’rā  lil’mus’limīna
And [mention] the Day when We will resurrect among every nation a witness over them from themselves. And We will bring you, [O Muhammad], as a witness over your nation. And We have sent down to you the Book as clarification for all things and as guidance and mercy and good tidings for the Muslims.


It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“A Prophet will come accompanied by two men, and a Prophet will come accompanied by three, and (some will come) with more or less than that. It will be said to him: ‘Did you convey the message to your people?’ And he will say: ‘Yes.’ Then his people will be called and it will be said: ‘Did he convey the message to you?’ They will say: ‘No.’ Then it will be said: ‘Who will bear witness for you?’ He will say: ‘Muhammad and his nation.’ So the nation of Muhammad will be called and it will be said: ‘Did this man convey the message?’ They will say: ‘Yes.’ He will say: ‘How did you know that?’ They will say: ‘Our Prophet told us that the Messengers had conveyed the message, and we believed him.’ This is what Allah says: “Thus We have made you, a just (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad (ﷺ)) be a witness over you.’” [2:143]

English reference : Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4284
Arabic reference : Book 37, Hadith 4425


Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Noah will be brought (before Allah) on the Day of Resurrection, and will be asked, ‘Did you convey the message of Allah?” He will reply, ‘Yes, O Lord.’ And then Noah’s nation will be asked, ‘Did he (Noah) convey Allah’s message to you?’ They will reply, ‘No warner came to us.’ Then Noah will be asked, ‘Who are your witnesses?’ He will reply. ‘(My witnesses are) Muhammad and his followers.’ Thereupon you (Muslims) will be brought and you will bear witness.” Then the Prophet (ﷺ) recited: ‘And thus We have made of you (Muslims) a just and the best nation, that you might be witness over the nations, and the Apostle a witness over you.’ (2.143)

Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 7349
In-book reference : Book 96, Hadith 77
English reference : Vol. 9, Book 92, Hadith 448


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