Disbelieving and believing women

mīm thā lām
mathalu, mathala (noun, masculine) = the example
l-amthālu, l-amthāla (noun, masculine plural) = the examples

zāy wāw jīm
azwājan (noun, masculine plural) = wives, spouses, mates, (in) pairs

mīm rā hamza
im’ra-ata, im’ra-atu (feminine noun) = (the) wife (of)
im’ra-atan, im’ra-atun (feminine noun) = a woman
im’ra-atayni (feminine noun, dual) = two women


Surah At-Tahrim 4, 10-12

in tatūbā ilā l-lahi faqad ṣaghat qulūbukumā wa-in taẓāharā ʿalayhi fa-inna l-laha huwa mawlāhu wajib’rīlu waṣāliḥu l-mu’minīna wal-malāikatu baʿda dhālika ẓahīrun

If you (wives of Prophet) repent to Allah, (it is best) for your hearts have deviated. But if you cooperate against him – then indeed Allah is his protector, and Jibril and the righteous of the believers and the angels, moreover, are (his) assistants

ḍaraba l-lahu mathalan lilladhīna kafarū im’ra-ata nūḥin wa-im’ra-ata lūṭin kānatā taḥta ʿabdayni min ʿibādinā ṣāliḥayni fakhānatāhumā falam yugh’niyā ʿanhumā mina l-lahi shayan waqīla ud’khulā l-nāra maʿa l-dākhilīna

Allah presents an example of those who disbelieved: the wife of Nuh and the wife of Lut. They were under two of Our righteous servants but betrayed them, so those prophets did not avail them from Allah at all, and it was said, “Enter the Fire with those who enter.”

waḍaraba l-lahu mathalan lilladhīna āmanū im’ra-ata fir’ʿawna idh qālat rabbi ib’ni lī ʿindaka baytan fī l-janati wanajjinī min fir’ʿawna waʿamalihi wanajjinī mina l-qawmi l-ẓālimīna

And Allah presents an example of those who believed: the wife of Pharaoh, when she said, “My Lord, build for me near You a house in Paradise and save me from Pharaoh and his deeds and save me from the wrongdoing people.”

wamaryama ib’nata ʿim’rāna allatī aḥṣanat farjahā fanafakhnā fīhi min rūḥinā waṣaddaqat bikalimāti rabbihā wakutubihi wakānat mina l-qānitīna

And [the example of] Maryam, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew into [her garment] through Our angel, and she believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient.


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