Pillar of Islam : Pilgrimage

Derived from

ḥā jīm jīm

l-haji, l-haja (noun) = (the) hajj
hajja (verb) = performs hajj
hajj = pilgrimage to Makkah at a certain time of the year, obligatory at least once in a lifetime for muslims who are physically and financially able

Derived from

ayn mīm rā

umra (noun) = a visit, perhaps to Makkah, any time of the year

Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:97
Wherein are plain memorials (of Allah’s guidance); the place where Ibraheem stood up to pray; and whosoever entereth it is safe. And pilgrimage to the House is a duty unto Allah for mankind, for him who can find a way thither. As for him who disbelieveth, (let him know that) lo! Allah is Independent of (all) creatures.

Surah Al-Baqarah 2:196
Perform the pilgrimage and the visit (to Makka) for Allah. And if ye are prevented, then send such gifts as can be obtained with ease, and shave not your heads until the gifts have reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or almsgiving or offering. And if ye are in safety, then whosoever contenteth himself with the visit for the pilgrimage (shall give) such gifts as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find (such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the pilgrimage, and of seven when ye have returned; that is, ten in all. That is for him whoso folk are not present at the Inviolable Place of Worship. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is severe in punishment.

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